ELBOW DYSPLASIA - is a polygenetic disease in the elbow of dogs, similar to the hips. It can eventually lead to crippling lameness and painful arthritis of the joints. It is not as critical of a screening compared to the hips, but since the test is available, breeders are encouraged to include it.
OFA ELBOWS - The test for the elbow screening is called "OFA Elbows" and is done when the dog is (minimum) 2yrs old, although preliminary but not official screenings may be done prior. An x-ray is taken at the vet office and sent to the OFA where it is graded by multiple veterinary specialists as either normal or dysplastic.